Interest Rate Risk
Moral Hazard Definition
Moral hazard, defined are the circumstances or situations that increase the probability or riskiness of a loss. This is often due to a person's habits or morals.
Moral Hazard Explained
Moral hazard risk is the risk that is associated with a particular person or group. In other words, moral hazard is a situation in which another person takes on the risk of loss while another makes the decision on how much risk that person will have. This happens in finance with brokers or fund managers. Moral hazard can also be seen in insurance where a person might not care as much about a certain property or equipment because the insurance company will cover the loss.
Moral Hazard Example
Pete owns a barn that he has recently insured. Pete walks into the straw filled barn where he sees a loose wire from an electrical outlet. Normally Pete would fix this problem right away, but he doesn't really feel like doing it. The barn is insured so it is of little concern to Pete whether the job get done today or tomorrow. He vows to fix the problem in the morning. Over the night the barn catches fire and burns down. The insurance company pays Pete for his complete loss. The moral hazard here is that Pete simply did not care to take care of his property as he should have because he knew the insurance company would pay for the entire amount of the repairs. Insurance companies have to deal with this moral hazard all of the time, and they even try and spend time valuing the amount of moral hazard risk.